Untitled Page – 2018-11-20 10:03:19

Associated Experts: Sebastien Mayrgündter – Alpine Safety of IDM Südtirol Alberto Ayora – Spanish army Íñigo Soteras – Puigcerdà Hospital Christian Illing – German Red Cross Ana Karin Coll Erikson – Firefighters of Madrid Comunity Asencio Renaud –  Nimes Hospital Oscar Lopez – Firefighters of Andorra Strapazzon Pascal – Departmental Technical Advisor Mountain Group, Fire-Fighter Martin Nekula –  Fire Rescue Brigade of Moravian Silesian Region Agavi Christina Kousouraki – Helenic Air Force 384 Search and rescue (SAR) Squadron Iñigo Ayllon – Navarro AD MONTEM Elías Bayarri García – Firefighters of Cantabria Moderators Carles Garcia – CFS Sebastien Lahaye – SAFE Anna Fontcuberta – CFS Mathilde Julie Meyer –  ENSOSP Joaquim Boigues Firth – CFS Giorgio Basile – CNVVF Andrea Bonetto – CNVVF Marta Miralles – CFS Observers / Others Siscu Carola – CFS Guillem Amorós – CFS Sylvie Jouve – ENSOSP Mariona Borràs – PCF Òscar Santos – Firefighters of Andorra Rafel Prades – PC

“AIR CRASH” Scenario. Performing a big search & rescue operation in natural environment

In the event of a huge emergency situation with multiple victims (such a plane crash in the mountains) in a remote/difficult accessible place and near the border of two countries logistic becomes a key factor for the emergency management. This scenario offers a wider range of logistic opportunities counting on two countries to be the suppliers, while in the other hand makes the language and the fact of having different communication system/network issues become a problem.

Improvement opportunity / Capability Challenge: Operational Task: Crisis Mitigation on site and S.A.R. Preparatory task “Training and exercise” Simulations must be carried out to train the flow of information between the airport and the responders. Difficult to train in this kind of incidents it’s very expensive. Different steps of the crisis to train separately Give information to the press Bring the medical system to the place of the accident PMA Of persons and flight Of equipment You need to quickly making a “big picture” of the scenario To reserve the airspace To have a weather forecasts Liaison officer Training together to coordinate the act zones Cooperation with different agencies (military) sharing exercises The medical team has to be the included in the training. They are a necessary crew of these teams. Pre-hospital procedures have to be knows to the all agencies Training incident with members of the victims to understand the long of the cycle of the evacuation. Most causality in a mountain Simple first command Complex officer + chain Director of firefighters Training of command & control organizations (multi-level, cross-agency and/or Cross-border) Triage system Locating systems (quick location of the Aircraft is very important) Speaking the same language with a unified terminology Understanding which info is (or not) important Using tools (Apps, reality games, …) « Table » drills to help understanding and training the info and orders flow; to train decision making, …) That can help preplanning programs Share medical information in preplanning different scenarios Share medical knowledge about the hospital needs and limitations Training pre hospital delivering Specific medical training is required for very long and very slow evacuations Supporting task “Coordination Command & Control (Supporting) + Prepare Civil-Military cooperation (preparatory)” The plane. It is so difficult. The dead with this kind of situations. Safety operations for team rescue Timing ( fast answers ) Medical assistance Rescuer Info from medical team to alert the pertinent hospital Military medical coordination To use Triage System. Different level of Command Control Bring the equipment in advance in an available point of support (example a “Chalet”) Bring the medical system to the place of the accident PMA (Civil/Penal investigation – black-box) Legal regulation to transport body victims across different countries ( military would be best choice – major equipment ) • Media relation / Media plan ( understanding ) • Company call centre for victims family • To made the Pre-plan for different scenarios and different agencies (police, hospital, rescue team, fire service, civil protection…). Airplane company procedure Prepare procedure accepted before • Interoperability • Aero space supervisor (example by drones) • Leadership and Cooperation Multi-Agency of different agencies in different countries • Coordination procedures each country • Area Assessment • Program landing and take-off zone Supporting task– “Logistics” Local on the emergency´s site (advanced camp/shelter for rescuers, victims and for medical dispatching). Regional (hospital network availability, accommodation for victim´s families and management of the media). National/international (solve bureaucratic issues such insurances, costs)   Constraints / Best practices – Use real environment for the exercises (on site) with associated partners (official teams, volunteers agencies) – Procedures should ensure the maximum safety for fire-fighter and rescue team response. Supporting task– “Logistics” • Need of pre-prepared logistics in order to build a camp on the scenery for working agents, victims and medical dispatching in the fastest possible way. • Crucial transportation needs (by helicopter) of heavy equipment and personnel to the site and victim evacuation. • Use of helicopters is conditioned to weather conditions, daylight and amount of weight to be transported. Commanders may want to get help from the army on that issue. Have a flight coordinator out of flying supervising the helicopter’s work. • Commander must have a B plan if flying on the area is not possible • Need for a translator (translating technological tools discarded) to ease communication between agencies, working teams and victims, or must have multi-lingual acting personnel. • Need of the availability of psychological support on site for rescuers and victims and for the families wherever needed it. • Have pre-prepared logistic packs ready to be picked up and used for this kind of emergency situation spread over the territory in strategical locations. • Contention of the media and outside observers out of the emergency area • Need for standardized chain of commandment(protocols) for the event of an emergency requiring the intervention of more than one country Training & exercises Training of Command & control organizations (multi-level, cross-agency and/or cross-border) Best practices: • Red cell to train flexibility • Every agency has to stay focus in its own expertise • Creating not only national Learning schools in disaster management , but European SCHOOL • Virtual training / simulation training / self-training (computer aided training) • Supervising the exercises (overview) (trained evaluators) Added during the presentation : • To design exercises with evolved transfer of command scenario: bottom-up and top-down • Multiple European Schools dedicated to disaster management (University) with : • Different countries / skills / agencies stakeholders / Creation of a network of experts that know each other Constrains: Time & money for exercises / Dealing with different nationalities & culture/ national sovereignty / Standardization & harmonization The opportunity from different perspectives Procedures and Organisation: Preparatory Task: Supporting/Preparatory Task #1+Task#2 “Coordination Command & Control (Supporting) + Prepare Civil-Military cooperation (preparatory)” – Interoperability – International Coordination and Cooperation Multi-Agency – Identify who gives orders at the different level and specific situation – Clear and shared procedures, reachable goals (Know How/What ) – Specific training of the operating room staff (protocols) – Continue Revaluation decision process at each level – Collection information format (database sharing) and Info-management Logistics Develop joint strategies, and standardized procedures among bordering countries. Commandment chain to be clear. Create a unified communication system for all UE rescue organizations. If it’s not possible all across the EU, at least for bordering countries. Have standardized packs of logistics prepared and ready to be transported for this kind of emergency stored in key locations of every country. Rely on army and civil agencies´ logistics capacity also. Drills, simulations, joint training between bordering countries will improve the understanding of different working methods and procedures. Training & exercises Training of Command & control organizations (multi-level, cross-agency and/or cross-border) • Harmonized procedures & cooperation during services & drills (tests) • New technology procedures • Leadership of the organization of trainings, (UE) • Writing down guidelines for different level of exercises : • Local, regional, national, international • Different stakeholders