- Build systems (persons-tools-processes) to integrate and analyse information from different channels, to manage information overload, to anticipate probable scenarios. Build them with comparative results. The aim is to provide a shared understanding of the scenario and operations focusing on anticipated risks and opportunities, and on tracking resources, actions and damages.
- Circulate information to develop legal standards for prevention and response
- Be prepared to extract useful information from crowd-sourcing.
#avoidnoise #analyst #socioculturals #commondatarepository
(company, project, organization)
|SAYSO project (Standardization of Situational Awareness sYstems to Strengthen Operations in civil protection)
|Situational awareness systems for multiple stakeholders: roadmap and reference architecture
|What Have We Learned since September 11, 2001? A Network Study of the Boston Marathon Bombings Response||Hu, Qian; Knox, Claire Connolly; Kapucu, Naim (2014): Public Administration Review; 74(6), 698–712||In light of recent disasters, it is evident that more research is needed to understand how organizations can effectively coordinate disaster preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery efforts. This research assesses the effectiveness of interorganizational coordination and collaboration in response to the Boston Marathon bombings. After reviewing the major changes in federal emergency management policies and frameworks since September 11, 2001, this article applies a social network analysis to compare the disaster response networks embodied in formal disaster preparedness plans with the actual response networks. Data come from content analyses of the Boston Emergency Operations Plan, national and local newspaper articles, after-action reports, and situation reports. The timely response to the bombings is attributable to long-term institutionalized planning efforts; multiple platforms established for frequent interorganizational interactions through formal plans, training, and exercises prior to disasters; and an integrated communication system.|
|Organising Response to Extreme Emergencies||Leonard, Herman B.; Howitt, Arnold M. (2010): Australian Journal of Public Administration, 69(4), 372–386||How can people and organisations best respond to emergency events that are significantly beyond the boundaries of what they had generally anticipated, expected, prepared for – or even imagined? What forms of organisations are likely to be best able to cope with such events – and what procedures and practices will aid in their ability to do so? Obviously, extreme events – events that are in scope or scale or type beyond the range of our ordinary experience and expectations – by definition will occur only relatively rarely (and very rarely to any given emergency organisation). Nonetheless, when they do occur they tend to be of defining importance to the people and institutions that are thrust into them and that must find their way through them. September 11, 2001 in Manhattan and at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia; the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004; Hurricane Katrina on the Gulf Coast of the United States (US) in 2005; major earthquakes like the ones in Pakistan in 2005, Wenchuan in 2008, Haiti in 2010, Chile in 2010, and Christchurch in 2010 – these and other catastrophic events catapult people and response agencies into a new, unfamiliar, and largely unexplored dimension.|
|Citizen Communications in Crisis||Palen, Leysia; Liu, Sophia B. (2007): Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Vols 1 and 2, 727–736||Recent world-wide crisis events have drawn new attention to the role information communication technology (ICT) can play in warning and response activities. Drawing on disaster social science, we consider a critical aspect of post-impact disaster response that does not yet receive much information science research attention. Public participation is an emerging, large-scale arena for computer-mediated interaction that has implications for both informal and formal response. With a focus on persistent citizen communications as one form of interaction in this arena, we describe their spatial and temporal arrangements, and how the emerging information pathways that result serve different post-impact functions. However, command-and-control models do not easily adapt to the expanding data-generating and -seeking activities by the public. ICT in disaster contexts will give further rise to improvised activities and temporary organizations with which formal response organizations need to align.|
|Integrating nowcasting with crisis management and risk prevention in a transnational and interdisciplinary framework||Wang, Yong; Meirold-Mautner, Ingo; Kann, Alexander; Slak, Alenka Sajn; Simon, Andre; Vivoda, Jozef; Bica, Benedikt; Boecskoer, Ernst; Brezkova, Lucie; Dantinger, Johann; Giszterowicz, Mateusz; Heizler, Gyorgy; Iwanski, Rafal; Jachs, Siegfried; Bernard, Thomas; Krsmanc, Rok; Merse, Janko; Micheletti, Stefano; Schmid, Franziska; Steininger, Michael; Haiden, Thomas; Regec, Adam; Buzzi, Matteo; Derkova, Maria; Kozaric, Tomislav; Qiu, Xuexing; Reyniers, Maarten; Yang, Jinbiao; Huang, Yong; Vadislavsky, Elyakom (2017): Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 26(5), 459–473||This paper presents the recent WWRP/WMO Forecast Demonstration Project INCA-CE (INtegrating now-CAsting for Central Europe) co-funded by the European Union. Twenty-four partners of national and regional hydro-meteorological services, national and regional crisis and disaster management centers, and authorities for road management world-wide have participated in INCA-CE for international cooperation on now-casting development, interdisciplinary cooperation for nowcasting applications and transnational cooperation for nowcasting services. INCA-CE has implemented the nowcasting system INCA at the project partner countries, applied INCA nowcasting in civil protection, operational hydrology and road safety, and improved the INCA system based on the end user’s requirements. The main difference to other similar projects is that end user’s involvement and the improvements involve the whole end user value chain. The project has developed several ideas for end users on how to interpret nowcasting products (INCA-SWING) and on how to deal with the nowcasting products in their working practice (INCA-MCPEX and ISW). INCA-CE is also oriented strongly to transnational cooperation in nowcasting development and implementation, in easy access to a homogenized set of nowcasting products from those INCA providers to end users in the region, and in the transnational use of real-time products by end users in cases of high impact weather across borders.|